Did you ever think about your accessibility to water? Do you ever have to think about whether your water is filled with harmful substances? Your answer is probably no; but did you know that there are millions of people around the world without clean drinking water? According to http://www.Unwater.org , about 783 million people have no access to clean water and 85 percent of the population live in the driest part of the world. Water is vital to life and everybody is entitled to clean drinking water; water helps your body function regularly and maintain all bodily functions and it’s a shame that over 6 million people die each year because of water-related diseases.
In Flint Michigan there has been an ongoing water crisis since April of 2014. Before 1967 the Flint River had been the city’s main water resource; however in 1967 the city switched over to the Lake Huron and brought their supply through the Detroit Water and Sewage Department. It wasn’t until recently in 2014 that the city switched back to the Flint River; Lake Huron’s pipeline was under construction. Little did they know the Flint River was 19 times more corrosive than Lake Huron. Residents began to see brown water that looked and smelled bad come out of their faucets; city and state officials tried to calm them by telling them everything was fine… but it wasn’t. The water supply led to elevated iron levels in infants and children as well as traces of Legionnaire’s disease.
Africa is facing a constant increase in inadequate water supply. According to WHO, only 59% of Africa’s population has access to a clean water supply. Even the places in Africa that can obtain water have many contamination risks. The surface water sources are highly contaminated so groundwater is the best way to go; although groundwater isn’t 100% safe. So, I know what you’re thinking, why can’t they just transport the clean water to places that don’t have the access? The problem is money, it is extremely costly to pipe fresh water to places that don’t have it. It also costs too much to have Africa’s whole population drilling water from the ground. It is very surprising that South Africa has one of the most clean water systems in the whole world, however water borne diseases are on the rise because of a lack of sanitation.
I’m positive that Africa and Flint Michigan aren’t the only places in the world that have an inadequate water supply. So many people die of malnutrition and many other diseases each year. However, there are ways you can help: you can donate to water.org, you can regulate how much water you use per day, and you could try not to pollute the water as much.
Sources: Functions of Water: Health Benefits | Everyday Health http://www.everydayhealth.com/water-health/water-body-health.aspx http://water.org/help/ https://thewaterproject.org/water-crisis/water-in-crisis-south-africa http://www.cnn.com